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Secession

The Vienna Secession, or Wiener Secession in German, was a groundbreaking art movement that emerged in the late 19th century in Vienna, Austria. It represented a bold departure from the prevailing academic style of the time and played a crucial role in the development of modern art.

 

The Vienna Secession was founded in 1897 by a group of progressive artists, including Otto Wagner, Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, and Josef Hoffmann, who sought to break away from the conservative constraints of the traditional art establishment. They aimed to create a platform for artistic freedom and innovation, free from the influence of academic institutions and government-sponsored art associations.

 

The Secession Building, designed by architect Joseph Maria Olbrich, serves as the movement's architectural icon. Completed in 1898, the building is characterized by its striking white cube topped with a golden dome adorned with laurel leaves. The motto "Der Zeit ihre Kunst. Der Kunst ihre Freiheit." ("To every age its art. To art its freedom.") is inscribed above the entrance, symbolizing the Secessionists' commitment to artistic independence.

 

The Vienna Secession organizes annual exhibitions showcasing the work of its members as well as guest artists from around the world. These exhibitions featured a diverse range of artistic styles and mediums, including painting, sculpture, architecture, and decorative arts. The Secessionists also published a journal, Ver Sacrum (Sacred Spring), which served as a platform for critical discourse and manifesto statements.

 

The Vienna Secession is characterized by its embrace of symbolism, decorative motifs, and innovative techniques. Artists associated with the movement, such as Gustav Klimt, explored themes of sensuality, psychology, and the subconscious through their work. The Secessionists also embraced new materials and methods, including the use of gold leaf and experimentation with mixed media.

 

The Vienna Secession had a profound impact on the development of modern art and design, both in Austria and internationally. Its members were instrumental in the founding of the Wiener Werkstätte (Vienna Workshop), a collective dedicated to the integration of art and craft, as well as the Austrian branch of the Art Nouveau movement. The Secessionist aesthetic continues to influence artists, designers, and architects to this day, cementing its place in the pantheon of art history.

 

Today, the Secession Building remains a cultural landmark in Vienna and continues to serve as a venue for contemporary art exhibitions and cultural events. The Vienna Secession's legacy of artistic innovation, creative freedom, and cultural activism endures as a testament to the eternal power of art to challenge, inspire, and provoke change.

 

Ready to embark on a journey of discovery through Vienna's vibrant exhibition scene? Make the most of your time in Vienna with our mobile app myCulture. Browse our curated list of current and upcoming exhibitions to find the perfect cultural experience for your interests and schedule. Use our interactive app to plan your route for a day of art-filled adventure in Vienna. Whether you're a seasoned art enthusiast or a curious newcomer, Vienna's exhibitions are sure to inspire, educate, and delight.

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